STANDARDS AND LABELLING PROGRAMME EVALUATION: A WORLD TOUR
Moderator: Charles Michaelis, Strategy Development Solutions Ltd.
National energy efficiency standards and labelling (EESL) programmes have been in existence since the 1970s and now operate in more than 80 countries around the world, covering more than 50 different types of appliances and equipment in the commercial, industrial and residential sectors. While the design and coverage of EESL programmes vary according to national circumstances, they provide the cornerstone of most national energy efficiency and climate change mitigation programmes.
Evaluation of EESL programmes is essential to provide understanding of the impacts they deliver and how their effectiveness can be enhanced. The papers in this session provide an insight into the evaluation approaches for EESL programmes from a range of developed and developing economies and explore both ex-ante and ex-post evaluation.
The first paper reviews the methodologies and approaches employed in ex post impact evaluations of S&L programmes in Australia, China, the EU, India, Mexico, and the US. The paper discusses approaches to common challenges including resource constraints, data availability, and setting the baseline. The paper draws out key lessons learned and recommendations for criteria that can be evaluated and data that should be gathered to support the development of a program evaluation when an S&L policy is implemented. These recommendations will help policymakers to establish key indicators that should be measured before and after program implementation, and mechanisms to collect relevant data, in order to facilitate the ex post evaluation of policy impacts.
The second paper explores the approach taken in South Africa to evaluating the Standards and Labelling programme for refrigeration appliances. It draws on a market study and modelling of energy savings. The paper draws out policy recommendations and draws conclusions about the potential for using EESL to deliver energy savings in South Africa.
The third paper focuses on India and describes how the EESL programme there was evaluated using a combination of qualitative and quantitative market research together with modelling to establish the energy savings achieved by the programme. The paper describes how the evaluation results were used by policy makers to improve the effectiveness of the programme.
Finally, we will go to China to learn about the ex-ante prospective impact evaluation of China’s accelerated standards development from 2010 to 2013. The evaluation considers the energy and carbon savings achieved by the EESL for 19 product types. The paper demonstrates the importance of understanding market dynamics when setting levels for MEPS and labels and makes recommendations for future EESL policy making.
PAPERS / PRESENTATIONS
The New South African Standards and Labelling Programme for Residential Appliances: A First-Hand Evaluation Case Study [paper] [presentation]
Thomas Götz, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment & Energy