PANEL: TARGET SETTING FOR ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENCY UP TO 2050
Moderator: Robert Harmsen, Utrecht University
This panel session will focus on the role of energy savings and energy efficiency targets in meeting the European Union’s (EU) long-term climate goals. In 2014 the EU member states have agreed on a new 2030 Framework for climate and energy, including EU-wide targets and policy objectives for the period between 2020 and 2030. These targets aim to help the EU achieve a more competitive, secure and sustainable energy system and to meet its long-term 2050 greenhouse gas reductions target. As stated by the European Commission “[T]he targets are based on a thorough economic analysis that measures how to cost-effectively achieve decarbonisation by 2050” (COM 2014/015 final). As discussed in the paper linked to this panel (Hekkenberg et al.), it is debatable if cost-effective decarbonisation is secured. It seems that limited account is taken of the uncertainties and national differences that abound the pathway towards a low-carbon economy in the future. Limited flexibility in a target strategy may lead to substantial additional costs to achieve the decarbonisation goal.
Moreover, in a complex policy environment with multiple goals (next to climate change mitigation, also improving energy security, competiveness, etc.) designing adequate targets that can be effectively and efficiently steered by both EU-wide and national specific policies is also highly complex. Targets (and policy instruments) may unintentionally interact (and are not necessarily reinforcing each other) or may turn out to be redundant (or are decreasing flexibility to act). Interaction and redundancy have static and dynamic effects and occur at the level of headline target architecture (e.g. ETS vs. renewable energy or end-use electricity efficiency target) and at the level of policy instruments (savings obligation vs. tax reduction schemes for energy efficiency).
Another interesting viewpoint for discussing long-term energy savings and energy efficiency targets is offered by the so-called INDC’s. INDC stands for Intended Nationally Determined Contribution. It identifies the actions national governments intend to take under the Paris Agreement of December 2015. INDC’s are the basis of post-2020 global emissions reduction commitments included in the climate agreement. Knowing that the sum of INDC’s does not add to the effort needed to keep average global temperature increase below 2 ⁰C (let alone 1.5 ⁰C) it is interesting to have a more in-depth look at the role of energy savings/energy efficiency to potentially close the gap.
The experts in the panel all cover different aspects of the same big puzzle. They will share their insights on the above mentioned issues, will challenge each other and are looking forward to be challenged by the audience as well.
Defining targets for energy use and efficiency
Michiel Hekkenberg, Energy research Centre of the Netherland
Role of Energy Savings in the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Package
Yamina Saheb, OPENEXP
Interactions and Redundancy
Wolfgang Eichhammer, Fraunhofer ISI
Contribution to Climate Goals: Linkage with the INDCs
Detlef van Vuuren, IPCC/PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
Defining sub-targets for deep decarbonisation—Keeping our eye on the ball
Michiel Hekkenberg, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Bert Daniels, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Joost Gerdes, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands
Piet Boonekamp, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands